EuGH: Provider können nicht zu Filterung ihres Datenverkehrs zur Verhinderung illegaler Downloads gezwungen werden

Der EuGH hat heute im Fall Scarlet Extended SA v Société belge des auteurs, compositeurs et éditeurs SCRL (SABAM)(Rs. C-70/10) entschieden, dass Internetanbieter (Provider) nicht zu einer inhaltlichen Filterung des Datenverkehrs ihrer Netze gezwungen werden dürfen, um illegale Downloads zu verhindern. Eine solche Überwachung verstiesse gegen die EU-Richtlinie über den elektronischen Geschäftsverkehr und sei zudem mit der Grundrechtecharta der EU unvereinbar:
On those grounds, the Court (Third Chamber) hereby rules:

read together and construed in the light of the requirements stemming from the protection of the applicable fundamental rights, must be interpreted as precluding an injunction made against an internet service provider which requires it to install a system for filtering
  • all electronic communications passing via its services, in particular those involving the use of peer-to-peer software;
  • which applies indiscriminately to all its customers;
  • as a preventive measure;
  • exclusively at its expense; and
  • for an unlimited period,

which is capable of identifying on that provider’s network the movement of electronic files containing a musical, cinematographic or audio-visual work in respect of which the applicant claims to hold intellectual-property rights, with a view to blocking the transfer of files the sharing of which infringes copyright.